DO I HAVE SLEEP APNEA?

How do I know if I have OSA?

There are three main signs of OSA sufferers experience including; loud persistent snoring, pauses in breathing (apneas) accompanied with gasping episodes when sleeping and excessive tiredness during waking hours.
You may also have trouble concentrating and experience morning headaches, dryness of the mouth or mood changes such as irritability, anxiety or depression.
Mostly it is friends and family that notice these changes and can be a useful resource in asking if they notice you snoring or any apnea episodes while you are asleep or nap. Your doctor will also be a useful source in identifying any symptoms common to daytime tiredness.

DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT OPTIONS

1.First steps to diagnosis

The best thing to do is to see your local doctor or general practitioner (GP). If your doctor suspects you may be suffering from a sleep disorder, he or she may be refer you to a sleep clinic or a sleep specialist who will carry out a sleep study to determine whether you have sleep apnea.

2. How is sleep apnea diagnosed?

Sleep Clinics will diagnose via a sleep study called a polysomnogram or polysomnography test (PSG). These studies often require an overnight stay in a hospital or sleep laboratory. Alternatively, you may be suitable to conduct a home sleep test where you can be rigged up with a monitoring device and take the study overnight in the comfort of your home. Many specialist clinics, pharmacies and sleep physicians offer this service. If you are unsure what the best option is for you, your doctor will be best to advise you.

3. I have been diagnosed with Sleep Apnea, what now?

If you have been diagnosed with Sleep Apnea it is important that you consult your doctor or sleep specialist to determine the best treatment option for you. There are several treatment options available including:

  • Lifestyle/Health changes
  • CPAP (Continuous Positive Airways Pressure)
  • Oral Appliances- Mandibular advancement splints
  • Surgery

Considered the ‘gold standard’ the most common treatment method for Sleep Apnea is Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). If your doctor or sleep specialist decides that this is the best treatment option for you, you will then choose a suitable CPAP machine and mask that works best for you.

4. How does PAP or CPAP therapy work?

CPAP stands for Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and is the most common treatment for OSA. CPAP machines will consist of three main parts:

  • The air pump/machine
  • A mask that covers nostrils, nose or mouth
  • An air tube

The CPAP machine is set to a pressure that you require and takes air from the room and gently pressurises it. The air then blows through the tube and mask into the throat so that the pressure from the air can keep the throat open while you are asleep.

Ensuring a proper fitting mask will limit the potential of air leakage and will optimise your treatment.
CPAP will reduce sleep apnea episodes allowing for a restful night’s sleep and your partner will notice that you will stop snoring as soon as the machine is on and working. The benefits of CPAP can normally be noticed from the first day after use where you may feel more alert and refreshed. It is important to persist with CPAP therapy as any amount of time used each night will have positive benefits to your ongoing health and wellbeing.

The ApneaSeal Solution

ApneaSeal™ uses innovative face mapping technology to create a precise 3D custom mask solution for your sleep apnea treatment. The simple and quick face mapping process captures over 20,000 data points of your nose to allow us to develop the most precise solution for you. 

Benefits: 4 images

The ApneaSeal Nose Studio®

Once the images from your facial mapping scan are captured, they are instantaneously transmitted to our engineers who convert your facial architecture to build a customised mask interface using state of the art 3D printing. In applying thousands of rendered scans and face morphology, our Sleep Optimisation Scientists apply their experience to develop the mask specifically made for you.

Optimised fit

The sizing is optimised and made for each individual’s face. No other mask is built to contour and fit the nose and face like your own customised mask. There are no sizes for ApneaSeal because each one is individually made to fit only one patient.

Superior comfort

Due to the intimate design and fit of ApneaSeal, it substantially decreases the required headgear strap force and contact pressure to seal the mask, ensuring the mask is exceptionally light and comfortable on the face. This light fit can be maintained throughout the night.

Better performance

SOS

Our team of Sleep Optimisation Scientists are committed to ensuring we provide only the best quality solutions for your sleep apnea treatment. With continuing research, we will strive to provide the most innovative and high performing solutions for our customers.

What is Sleep Apnea?

1. What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by obstruction of the upper airway. It is a condition in which a person stops breathing repeatedly through the night due to obstruction and/or collapse of the upper airway causing the person to waken to breathe. This is called an apnea event. Sleep patterns are disrupted, resulting in excessive sleepiness, irritability or fatigue during the day.
An individual with OSA is usually unaware of breathing difficulties and apnea events, even upon awakening due to an apnea. It is usually identified by others witnessing the individual during an apnea event or is suspected due to effects on the body.

2. What causes the airway to close during sleep?

The airway at the throat is composed of walls of soft tissue which can collapse due to extra tissue in the back of the airway, such as large tonsils, a decrease in the tone of the muscles that hold the airway open, or due to the tongue falling back and closing off the airway. As we get older our muscles lose tone and when we are relaxed often after a consuming alcoholic drinks the events can be increased.

3. How common is OSA?

According to Snore Australia, Health Sleep Solutions and many market data reports, OSA is more common in males than in females and becomes more common with age largely affecting those over 60. In Australia OSA affects more than 1 million people of which around 9% are women and 25% are men. The prevalence of OSA is continuing to grow largely due to the ageing population and the ‘obesity epidemic’. Report show that globally it is estimated that over 100 million people suffer from a sleep disorder with over 90% of them currently untreated (America Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2014).

4. What degrees of severity occur with OSA?

The Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) is the number of apnea or hypopnea episodes recorded during the study per hour of sleep. The AHI and oxygen desaturation levels are used to indicate the severity of OSA. The results of AHI are usually expressed as the number of events per hour and based on the AHI are classified as follows:
• None/Minimal: AHI < 5 per hour
• Mild: AHI ≥ 5, but < 15 per hour
• Moderate: AHI ≥ 15, but < 30 per hour
• Severe: AHI ≥ 30 per hour
This means that a person suffering from severe OSA with as many 50-60 events can be woken from sleep up to every minute during the night.

5. What are the symptoms of OSA?

The main night time symptoms of OSA are:

  • Loud snoring
  • Cessation in breathing accompanied with gasping episodes when sleeping
  • Restless sleep

The main day time symptoms of OSA are:

  • Morning headaches
  • Waking up tired
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings
  • Poor concentration
  • Excessive daytime fatigue
  • High blood pressure